Politics #SudanMassacare Benedicta DentehJune 5, 2019 Share Share A man setting himself on fire in the streets of Tunisia ignited the spark of rebellion against oppressive regimes. Since then, protests against repressive and exploitative governments across the Arab world have continued to pull the attention from across the globe. Time and time again we are learning that citizens of the Arab world are not passive victims but active agents of their own emancipation. Sudan is no different. Our screens over the past couple weeks have been flooded with news and information about the current situation of Sudan. What Happened? Omar Al-Bashir, the dictator of Sudan since 1989 was finally overthrown after many economic hardships particularly during the last few years. Since December, the government has made many cuts to bread and fuel, allegedly stopped people from withdrawing money from their accounts and have been hiking up the price of food and other goods. Bread, to name one commodity, is now three times the price it was last year. For the second day , under a complete blockout of internet , sudanese cities are witnessing serious violations of killing, raping looting and kidnapping, committed by the Rapid Support Force RSF against civilians.#Internet_Blockout_in_Sudan#قطع_الانترنت_عن_السودان pic.twitter.com/gTRpM07Ta6— amjad adel (@Amjadnigga) June 4, 2019 Following closely to the stepping down of Al-Bashir, people rejoiced at what seemed to be the start of something new. Feelings of freedom from a repressive regime encouraged singing amongst the masses and brought life to art expressing feelings of relief. The citizens of Sudan since then have been creating manifestos on women’s rights, media freedom and most importantly justice on a social and political level for all. Sudan’s President was overthrown by the military council which promised to, gradually in two to three years, transition from the dictatorial state to a democracy whilst a new leader was being elected, thereby letting the country slowly come under civilian rule. This would allow time to disentangle the old government and the political network. Broken Promises #SudanUprising #SudanMassacre The cynicism of al-Burhan’s offer to resume negotiations is breathtaking. It’s simply a PR stunt for purposes of seeming to respond to int’l calls for such. Such calls, without clear stipulations of civilian control of governance, are badly misguided pic.twitter.com/cWyzNmRwTL— Eric Reeves (@sudanreeves) June 5, 2019 However, after Bashir stepped down, then re-emerged the old politics of Sudan. It’s parties and personalities that were once oppressed under the dictatorship came back, wanting to be represented in the new nation. Soon after these promises by the transitional government, the three-year agreement was scrapped and now new elections are due in 9 months. A former British ambassador suggests this election will pave way for old regime to be largely reintroduced as there hasn’t been enough time to properly introduce new ideologies into the government This lead to peaceful revolutionary protests commencing around the capital. And everything WAS peaceful. Until the 3rd of June. My sister called me from sudan telling me that she’s been hearing gunshots all day in kafouri. Please be safe & please pray for my family, I have friends I can’t reach and idk if they’re okay and all I can do is pray so please just pray and keep raising awareness.#Sudan_Massacre— A (@_IndelibleA) June 5, 2019 What’s Going on Now? RSF militia ‘janaweed’ (the military security forces) violently began attacking and shooting peaceful demonstrators outside their headquarters during the holy month of Ramadan. Amnesty International has also enclosed that they have disturbing evidence and satellite imagery showing Sudanese government forces including the RSF and allied militias committing war crimes and violating the laws of International Human Rights. In the past two weeks the death toll has risen to more than 100 people with 650+ injured and several reported rapes. In the attempt to conceal many deaths more than 40 bodies have been found in the Nile river and the government has admitted to at least 60 of the murders. In addition to this, 45 villages have already been partially destroyed It has been a horrifying massacre to witness. And nobody knows when this will end. https://twitter.com/Badawirules/status/1136267240062554112 The Problem Putting aside the physical violation and merciless genocides is the fact that the citizens have been let down once again. Revolutionaries have been traumatised and many of them are now hiding out in order to be out of the path of the wrath of corrupt officials. Individualistically minded, the military elite’s priorities will always lie with power and privilege and because of this there is a deep sense of alienation from rulers. And what is left is betrayal and blood. Moreover, the Sudanese ‘government’ is still attempting to block out the internet and censor the media so that we can’t figure out all of what is going on. But we know. And we need to show them that we know What are we doing? As of now many nations are doing nothing. This is very upsetting considering that Sudan was the first and only country to allow Syrian refugees in without the need of paperwork and treated them as part of the society. We have not, as of yet, seen any Arab state provide much support, although on the 14th of this month, Arab leaders have been seeking a diplomatic solution to the political crisis. The African Union understandably has suspended Sudan’s membership with immediate effect but we still wait for them to intervene in some way to help the innocent and help stop these atrocities. However, in order to raise awareness, we have been painting the internet blue. Why are people turning their profile pictures blue? Across all social media feeds such as Twitter and Instagram people have been turning their screens blue. This is in order to raise awareness about the crisis in Sudan and to show that we are listening and that we care. We want the governments around the world to put as much energy into this as they did for “that empty building in France” (referral to the $1 billion governments raised for Notre Dame, which was damaged by fire a couple months back). The blue is because Mohammed Hashim Mattar, a peaceful revolutionary was gunned down by the military last week. His favourite colour was indigo blue and ever since then it has become an emblem of pro-democracy. There have also been many appeals to give money to the cause. Giving money to UNICEF, or save the children, contact local congresses and MPs. Signing petitions on Facebook campaign groups or change.org. Change will not happen if we are not all active in this cause. We have proven that when we come together we can pull the attention of the world and inspire change Because repression isn’t indefinite. And this isn’t the end of a revolution. This is the beginning of an uprising. Benedicta Denteh + posts Benedicta Denteh is currently studying Arabic and French at the University of Manchester and hopes to become a linguist and broadcast journalist in the future. In her free time, she enjoys learning about African development and issues to do with race, society and culture. Benedicta also takes pleasure in acting, travelling and promoting plant-based eating. 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